ELIZABETH JACKMAN (d.1550+)
Elizabeth Jackman was the daughter of William Jackman of Wing, Buckinghamshire. She married John Knight of Newbury, Berkshire (d. January 13, 1550). Their children were Richard and John. His will, made July 2, 1549 and proved May 18, 1550, left her dower property in or near Newbury that included three fulling mills and, until Richard came of age, the profits of lands in Enborne and a brewhouse in Newbury. She was granted Richard’s wardship. The entry for John Knight in the History of Parliament speculates that Elizabeth’s second husband, Robert Paris, was the Robert Paris of New Romney who died in October 1550, four days after he was attacked and wounded by John Cheyne and others. If so, Elizabeth was widowed twice in the same year.
see ELIZABETH PICKERING
Mother Jak was probably an anonymous wet nurse hired to take care of Prince Edward. When her services were no longer needed to feed the infant prince, she was replaced by Sybil Hampden, Mrs. Penne, the gentlewoman who was Edward’s chief nurse (a “dry” nurse) from October 1538 to 1544.The Holbein sketch labeled “Mother Jak” is actually Margaret Gigs, Sir Thomas More’s foster daughter. Nineteenth-century historian Agnes Stickland suggested that Jak was short for Jackson, but offered no proof. Another unsubstantiated story is that “Mother Jak” haunts Hampton Court.
see ELIZABETH BARNEFELDE
JANE THE FOOL (d.1558+)
Jane the Fool was as much a fixture at the Tudor court as Henry VIII’s fool, Will Somers. John Southworth, in Fools and Jesters at the English Court offers evidence that she was there as early as 1537 and may have been there earlier, as the female fool in Queen Anne Boleyn’s household. She was the type of fool known as an “innocent”—probably mentally retarded and possibly suffering from physical disabilities. She had a “keeper” assigned to her. According to records cited in Carolly Erickson’s Bloody Mary, Jane wore beautiful gowns but the hose and shoes of a clown and she had her head shaved regularly at fourpence per barbering. In December 1537, she was in Princess Mary’s household. She was ill in the autumn of 1543 and cost Mary 22s. 6d. and another 5s. for six ells of cloth to make a pair of sheets for her. It is possible that she was part of the household of Queen Kathryn Parr, but she was with Mary Tudor again after Mary became queen in 1553. Jane the Fool survived into the reign of Elizabeth but then disappears from the records. Biography: chapter in Southworth’s book. Portrait: Jane is probably the figure on one side of the portrait of Henry VIII and his family at Hampton Court. The figure on the opposite side is Will Somers, the king’s fool.
CATHERINE JAQUEMAN (1535-1590)
Catherine Jaqueman was the daughter of Louis Jaqueman of Orléans, France. Her mother was the heir to the Genteron or Gouteron family of Inguirand Turvyle, near Orléans. In Geneva on November 15, 1556, Catherine married an exiled English clergyman, William Whittingham (1524-June 10, 1579). Their children were Zachery (b. 1557) and Susanna (b.1558), who died young, Timothy (d.1631+), Sarah, Deborah, Judith (1570-1590+), Elizabeth, and Daniel (1571-1590+). Whittingham succeeded John Knox to the pulpit in Geneva and was one of those involved in producing the Geneva Bible. In order to complete that work, he delayed his return to England until May 1560. There is little mention of Catherine in England during her husband’s lifetime and it is not known if she accompanied him on several trips to France. In 1563, he was chaplain to Ambrose Dudley, earl of Warwick, when he was appointed Dean of Durham. En route to his new post, he preached before Queen Elizabeth at Windsor Castle. The Whittinghams were in Durham during the Rebellion of the Northern Earls in 1569, when Durham Cathedral was taken over by the rebels. After her husband’s death, Catherine remained in Durham. She inherited her third of his property and the guardianship of her younger children, plus £400 toward their upbringing. Within days, she had asked for the guardianship of her eldest son, Timothy, who had become a royal ward, and for all debts due to her husband at the time of his death. Both requests were granted. On October 22, 1579, the new dean asked that Catherine be called to account for the profits of the deanery due to him and asked that she show what leases she held for the house he wished to claim. In 1583, she was the defendant in a case of slander case. She had repeated the rumor that her neighbor, Margaret Key, wife of the master of the grammar school, Francis Key, had given birth to a child before her marriage. Catherine wrote her will on December 9, 1590. She left her mansion and dwelling-house in the North Bailey and the lands in France that she had inherited from her father, to her son Timothy, and her houses in Kingsgate, near the Bow Church in Durham, to her son Daniel. After making specific bequests of furniture, plate, and books, including a French Bible, the rest of her estate was to be divided between her unmarried daughter Judith and the children of the daughter who married a man named Birkhead.
see ELIZABETH MILLS
JOYCE JEFFRIES (c.1570-1650)
Joyce Jeffries was the only child of Henry Jeffries of Ham or Home Castle, Worcestershire (d.c.1608) and Anne Barnaby (d.1617). She was unique in that she was a single woman who successfully operated as a moneylender, primarily in Hereford. Her financial records are extant from 1638-1650. At the time of her death, her estate was valued at £5000. She was buried in Clifton-upon-Tame. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under “Jeffries, Joyce;” entry in Carole Levin, et al, editors, A Biographical Encyclopedia of Early Modern Englishwomen.
ELIZABETH JENISON or JENYSON
see ELIZABETH BIRCH
see AGNES WALTER
ELIZABETH JENKS (1510-December 16, 1558)
Elizabeth Jenks was the daughter of William Jenks or Gynkes (1484-1571), a wealthy London spice merchant, and Elizabeth Adams. In 1535, she married Richard Rich (1496-June 12, 1567), an ambitious young lawyer later created baron Rich. Their children included Robert, 2nd baron Rich (1537-February 27, 1581), Hugh (d.1554), Elizabeth, Winifred (d.1578), Ethelreda or Audrey, Frances, Mary, Dorothy, Agnes, Edward, Richard, and (probably) Nicholas (1550-1600). Portraits: sketch by Holbein at Windsor; portrait after Holbein in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
see BRIDGET CRANE
JULIANA JENNINGS (d.1595)
Juliana Jennings was the daughter and heir of Nicholas Jennings of All Hallows, Barking, London and Preston, Lancashire (d.1532), a London alderman, and Margaret Mundy (d.1564/5). Her widowed mother married Lord Edmund Howard (d.1539), making Juliana and Catherine Howard, the future queen, stepsisters. Juliana married Sir Thomas Holcroft of Vale Royal, Cheshire (1505/6-July 31, 1558). Their children were Isabel (1555-January 16,1606) and Thomas (1557-1620). Holcroft left her all his movable property and leases, leaving very little income for their son during her lifetime. In 1590, mother and son quarreled over land in Streatham, Surrey. The queen had to intervene to settle the dispute. Juliana’s daughter, who served as a maid of honor to the queen, married Edward Manners, 3rd earl of Rutland (1544-1587) in 1573.
see MARGARET MUNDY
ELIZABETH JENOUR (d. September 8, 1571)
Elizabeth Jenour was the daughter of John Jenour or Jenoure of Great Dunmow, Essex and Stoneham Aspall, Suffolk (c.1466-September 17, 1542), a prothonotary of the common pleas, and Alice Fincham (d.1547). She married Thomas Bokenham or Buckenham of Great Livermore and Snetterton, Norfolk (1510-December 9, 1535). Their children were John (August 29, 1534-August 1, 1551) and Dorothy (d. June 7, 1560). Elizabeth’s second husband was Richard Codington of Cuddington, Surrey (d. May 27, 1567). They had no children. In 1538, when Henry VIII decided to build his great palace of Nonsuch on the site of the manor of Cuddington, the Codingtons were forced to exchange it for Ixworth in Suffolk, formerly the property of a priory. Elizabeth left a long and detailed will, written on June 10, 1571 with an addenda made on September 5. She made numerous bequests, including a remarkable number to women and girls. She singled out two friends, Elizabeth Cornwallis, Lady Kytson of Hengrave, to whom she left “one hundred hops of my own growing,” and Katherine Markham, who was to receive £10. She mentioned three goddaughters, Elizabeth Button who was to receive £10 on her marriage, Elizabeth Johnson, daughter of Thomas, a former servant (£5 on her marriage), and Elizabeth Bennett, who was to receive £5 on her marriage. She left the same to Elizabeth’s sisters, Anne and Mary. They were the daughters of Richard Bennett, another former servant. Other bequests went to Agnes Stegell, a former servant (£5), Katherine Forham (£5), and Margaret Gaward, chambermaid (£10 when she turned eighteen). Dorothy Freville, Elizabeth’s niece, was to receive £50 at eighteen while another niece, Dorothy Argent (née Jenour), was left £20. Two other female servants, Elizabeth Noble and Elizabeth Throw, received 40s. and 20s. respectively. William Bradwell and his wife Anne received £5 each. A number of male servants were also remembered in the will, along with Elizabeth’s grandson (her principal heir), her brother, Robert, and several nephews. Elizabeth was buried at Ixworth with her second husband. Portrait: brass at Ixworth.
CATHERINE JENYN (d.1546+) (maiden name unknown)
Catherine was the wife of Thomas Jenyn of London (d. August 1518), the king’s sergeant skinner. Her second husband was Thomas Addington of London (d. December 1543). On May 25, 1524, Catherine Addington was granted “the room of silk woman to the king,” indicating that she practiced this trade as the wife of a merchant. She was also involved with both husbands in the trade of skinner. In Trinity term 1528, the Addingtons sued Robert Belden for a debt owed to her first husband. In 1533, Addington was appointed the king’s leather dresser. From Midsummer 1539, Catherine Addington was retained at court on quarterly wages. In April 1544, as a widow, she and her son, another Thomas Addington (d.1554), purchased the freehold of Harlowbury, Essex from the Crown for £1,549 14s. This purchase included the manor of Harlow, the rectory, and other property and 500 acres of land. Catherine succeeded her second husband as the king’s skinner and was officially granted that office in February 1546. She received wages of twelve pence a day
see CATHERINE KILLIGREW
see DOROTHY BADBY
ANNE JERNINGHAM (d.1559)
Anne Jerningham was the daughter of Sir Edmund Jerningham or Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk (d. January 6, 1515) and Margaret Bedingfield (c.1476-March 24,1504). She was at court by May of 1511, when she received a half-year’s wages (100s). She was listed as a chamberer on October 9, 1514, when King Henry VIII’s sister, Mary Tudor, married King Louis XII of France. She was one of the few English attendants allowed to remain in France after the wedding. Sir Edward Grey (d. before 1517), eldest son of Thomas Grey, 1st marquis of Dorset, was also allowed to remain and they were married soon after, probably in France. As Lady Anne Grey, Anne remained in Mary Tudor’s service, accompanying her back to England after she (Mary) wed the duke of Suffolk. It is at this point that confusion begins. In spite of W. H. Challen’s “Lady Anne Grey” in the January 1963 Notes and Queries, in which he not only sorts out Anne Jerningham’s marriages but also those of Anne Barlee (d.1558), a concurrent “Lady Anne Grey,” subsequent publications, including the otherwise excellent account of the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520 by Joycelyne G. Russell (1969) and Walter C. Richardson’s superb biography of Mary Tudor (1970), misidentify Anne Jerningham, most commonly calling her the eighth daughter of the 1st marquis of Dorset. As far as I have been able to determine, the 1st marquis of Dorset never had a daughter named Anne. It was Anne Jerningham, called Lady Anne Grey because of her marriage, who was in Mary Tudor’s service in 1516 and carried the infant Henry Brandon at his christening. Widowed by the spring of 1517, Anne was in Norfolk, in the household of the duke and duchess of Suffolk, when Queen Catherine of Aragon paid a visit. Mary Scrope Jerningham, Anne’s stepmother, who was one of the queen’s ladies, was in the royal party. Richardson confuses matters further by identifying the person who “contrived” an engagement for Lady Anne Grey as Anne Jerningham and calling her another of Mary Tudor’s ladies. He does not seem to realize that Anne Jerningham and Anne Grey were the same person. He bases his conclusions on a letter from the duke of Suffolk to Cardinal Wolsey, written on March 17, 1517 to make sure no blame fell upon him over the secret betrothal of one of his wife’s ladies to a ward of the king for whom Suffolk was responsible. It says, in part, that “Mrs. Jerningham” (Mrs. was the abbreviation for Mistress and so could mean either a single or a married woman) “took her daughter-in-law (ie. step-daughter) aside and privately insured young Berkely unto the Lady Anne Greye one of the Queen, my wife’s ladies.” Since no given names are included, several online genealogies that wrongly assume Lady Anne Grey is the youngest daughter of the marquis of Dorset, also misidentify “young Berkely” as Thomas Berkeley (1505-1534), grandson of the Baron Berkeley of 1517. Both his age and the fact that his father and grandfather were still living argue against this. Richardson says he is John Berkeley, son and heir of Sir Maurice Berkeley or Barkley of Yate, Gloucestershire, and one of the king’s wards. This is also incorrect. John was not Sir Maurice’s son. In 1515, Sir Maurice bought the wardship and marriage of John Berkeley, son and heir of Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, Gloucestershire. Futhermore, he would have been too young in 1517 to figure in the marriage plans of Lady Jerningham. The article in Notes and Queries speculates on other possibilities to have been “young Berkely” but comes to no definite conclusion except that he was probably a distant connection of the family at Yate. Since he was apparently one of the king’s wards, the duke of Suffolk did not want to be accused of trying to marry him off without royal permission. He suggested in his letter to Wolsey that an example should be made of Mrs. Jerningham, but apparently, since the secret engagement had not progressed very far, she was not punished for her transgression. Challen does note, however, that Anne Jerningham’s will mentions “my son Sir John Barkley” and “my son William Barkley, Esquire.” However, all the other sons and daughters listed are actually stepchildren (although the History of Parliament assigns Henry Barlee’s one son and three daughters to Anne, his third wife). This suggests that Anne continued to have some sort of relationship with the youth she was briefly engaged to, but not that they actually married and had children. In fact, most sources indicate that Anne had no children with any of her husbands. She had three more. Her second husband was Henry Barlee of Albury, Hertfordshire (1487-November 12, 1529). It is not clear when she married him, but even if she had wed by 1520, she’d still have been listed as Lady Anne Grey at the Field of Cloth of Gold. According to the King’s Book of Payments, she received her half year’s annuity of £6 13s. 4d. in April 1520 and again in September 1520. She was one of Barlee’s executors in 1529. At some point before 1531, she married Sir Robert Drury of Hawstead, Suffolk (d. March 1,1535/6), whose properties included a house in Bury St. Edmunds and one in the parish of St. Clement Danes, London, which later gave Drury Lane its name. By 1543, she had married Sir Edmund Walsingham of Chislehurst, Kent (d. February 10, 1549/50), who was Lord Lieutenant of the Tower from 1521-1543. He left her the bulk of his household goods at Yaxe in Kent for her lifetime, together with the lease on her house in the Blackfriars and all personal property she had brought to their marriage. As Lady Anne Grey, she was living in Blackfriars in the 1550s. Anne was buried on April 6, 1559 beside her first husband in the church of St. Clement Danes, London. She left a will dated March 1, 1559 and proved May 8, 1559. A transcript can be found at http://www.oxford-shakespeare.com.
ANNE JERNINGHAM (June 28, 1516-before May 28, 1581)
Anne Jerningham was the daughter of Sir John Jerningham or Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk (c.1497-1558) and Bridget Drury. In about 1540, she married Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome Hall, Suffolk (c.1519-December 24, 1604). Their children were Elizabeth (1547-1628), Alice, Mary (d.c.1627), William (c.1549-1611) and Charles (d. 1629). Her husband was arrested briefly for recusancy in 1570. Anne was a gentlewoman of the privy chamber to Queen Mary in 1555.
ANNE JERNINGHAM (c.1572-January 4, 1637)
Anne Jerningham was the daughter of Henry Jerningham of Cossey, Norfolk (c.1536-June 15, 1619) and Eleanor Dacre. A marriage settlement was negotiated in 1587 for her marriage to John Arundell (1564-1633), heir to Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall. She was to have a marriage portion of £2000 and the couple were granted lands worth 200 marks/year after Sir John’s death and 300 marks/year after his widow’s death. Sir John’s widow was to have her keep at Lanherne and 200 marks/year or £200 if she chose to live elsewhere. In addition, the young couple were to have food and lodging at Lanherne for themselves and their horses. If they had no sons but one daughter, she was to have £1000 at age eighteen or when she married and if they had no sons and more than one daughter, the daughters were to have £500 each. As it turned out, they had many sons and daughters, including John, George, Thomas, Michael, Mary, Magdalen, Dorothy, Maria, Catherine, Winifred, and Anna.
see ANNE SAPCOTE
see CATHERINE BROOKE
see ELEANOR DACRE
ELIZABETH JERNINGHAM (d.1519)
Elizabeth Jerningham was the daughter of John Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suffolk, Suffolk (d.1474) and Agnes Darrell. Before October 31, 1473, the date of her father’s will, she married John Denton or Dentonys, about whom nothing is known. She was to inherit a life interest in her father’s manor of Little Worlingham after the death of her brother Osberne. Upon her death, the manor was to have gone to her son, Walter Denton, but he appears to have predeceased her. In 1496, she entered the household of Henry VII’s children as mistress of the nursery to Prince Henry. She went on to become Princess Mary’s governess and is probably the Mistress Denton who accompanied Princess Margaret to Scotland and the wardrobe keeper and lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth of York. She was paid £20 on June 23, 1503 “for the queen’s debts.” Giles Tremlett (Catherine of Aragon) identifies her as Lady Governess to Catherine of Aragon’s first, short-lived child in 1511. In May 1515 she was granted a annuity of £50 per annum “for service to the late king and queen.” David Loades says Elizabeth Denton was the first Lady Mistress of the nursery of Henry VIII’s daughter, Mary, in 1516. By November 1517, Margaret Bryan was in charge of Mary’s nursery. In 1518, Elizabeth Denton erected a tomb to herself in Blackfriars. She lived in some comfort in the Blackfriars Precinct, where she had a messuage, tenement, and garden, with a way to the waterside between the garden of Lady Peacock on the west and the garden of Richard Tryce on the east, and two chambers and a cellar under the under-library adjacent to the hill garden. Philippa Jones’s The Other Tudors: Henry VIII’s Mistresses and Bastards makes the extraordinary claim that Elizabeth Denton was King Henry’s first lover and even suggests that his grandmother, Margaret Beaufort, selected her for him. I find this highly unlikely, and note that Ms. Jones, although she did come up with several references to Elizabeth Denton that I had not seen, neglects to identify her other than as a royal servant. She relies on the fact that two grants were made to Elizabeth Denton shortly after Henry took the throne as proof of her claim. A £50 annuity (the same one Loades dates in 1515?) and the keepership of Cold Harbour, Margaret Beaufort’s London house, were generous gifts, but not at all out of line as rewards for long service to the Tudors. Jones herself gives Elizabeth Denton’s wages as £20 per annum as one of Elizabeth of York’s ladies (the year is not clearly stated). She also implies, by the placement of his name in the same paragraph, that Elizabeth was married to William Denton, the queen’s carver. She states that Elizabeth Denton replaced Elizabeth Darcy, Lady Mistress of the Royal Nursery, and that Elizabeth Darcy had retired or died by 1497. I assume that to mean Elizabeth Denton took over in 1497, but again the way the information is given prevents me from being certain. Jones does clearly state that Elizabeth Denton was governess to Henry VII’sdaughter, Mary Tudor, by 1500 and went to Scotland with Princess Margaret in 1503, returning when King James reduced the number of English attendants Margaret was allowed to keep with her. Then, remarkably, Jones quotes from a novel and wonders whether the author actually saw a portrait of Elizabeth Denton. This is highly unlikely. Elizabeth Denton left a will dated April 26, 1518. Among other legacies, she left thirty shillings to the prior and chapter of Blackfriars.
ELIZABETH JERNINGHAM (before 1515-1558+)
Elizabeth Jerningham was the daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham or Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk (d.1515) and his second wife, Mary Scrope (d. August 15, 1548). She was a waiting gentlewoman to Anne Stanhope, Lady Beauchamp until January, 1537, when she became a maid of honor to Anne’s sister-in-law, Queen Jane Seymour. Later she was a maid of honor to Queen Mary. She was following family tradition. Her mother, first as Lady Jerningham and then as Lady Kingston, was in the queen’s household from the beginning of Henry the Eighth’s reign.
see FRANCES BAYNHAM
see MARY SCROPE
see JANE DYLLYCOTES
see ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET
see MARY WITHAM
ANNE JOCELYN or JOSSELYN
see ANNE LUCAS
ELIZABETH JOCELYN or JOSSELYN
see ELIZABETH BARLEY; ELIZABETH BROOKE
JOAN JOCKEY (d. 1585+)
Joan Jockey’s notoriety comes from her position as the bigamous wife of John de Vere, 16th earl of Oxford (1512-August 3, 1562). Oxford’s legal wife, Dorothy Neville (d.c. January 1548) refused to live “amongst such a bad companye as were about the Earle of Oxforde.” Divorce at this time in England was difficult, and even divorced couples were not legally permitted to remarry, but at the end of May 1545, Oxford married Joan in Whit Colne Church. He also kept a mistress named Anne, a servant of Mr. Cratherode, the tenant at Tilbury Hall. She later married a man named Phillips. According to later depositions, the earl cast off both women “by the aduise and workings of his Counsell before the said lady Dorothie dyed.” Joan Jockey’s dismissal was singularly brutal. Five men, two of them Oxford’s brothers-in-law and another his trusted servant, John Smith, broke down the door of her house in Earls Colne, Essex, pinned her to the floor, and disfigured her with a knife. Her nose was either cut off or sliced at the base of the nostrils to make her appearance grotesque. Cutting off a woman’s nose was apparently a traditional punishment for a whore. Joan Jockey was still alive in 1585, but no one deposted at that time knew where she was living.
ELIZABETH JOHNSON (c.1555-1575+)
Elizabeth Johnson was the daughter of James Johnson of Dunham, Cheshire. In her late teens, in 1572, she was living in London with her uncle when she was lured away by a man claiming he could place her in service with a lady. Instead, he took her to a house in Paddington where she was held until the man’s master, George Puttenham (1529-October 1590) arrived. According to her later deposition, Puttenham “had his pleasure carnally with her” and for the next three years moved her from house to house as his concubine. In the spring of 1575, she was at his farm in Upton Grey when Puttenham’s wife, who lived four miles away at Herriard, Hampshire, discovered her presence. Elizabeth was not Puttenham’s only victim. Her case and the stories of a number of other innocent young women are preserved in the records relating to Puttenham’s divorce. A detailed account can be found in Stephen W. May, “George Puttenham’s Lewd and Illicit Career,” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 50 (2), pp. 143-176.
see ISABEL LINDLEY
see JOAN LANGEFORD
see KATHERINE GITTENS
see SABINE SAUNDERS
URSULA JOHNSON (d.1603+)
Ursula Johnson was the “dearly beloved mistress” of Zachariah Lok of St. Clement Danes, London (1561-1603). After his wife died in 1596, he intended “by God’s grace” to marry her, but he never did. His will, made in January 1603 and proved April 4, 1603, named Ursula as executrix. No children are mentioned.
see ANNE BELLAMY
see ELEANOR SOMERSET
see ELIZABETH SALUSBURY; ELIZABETH WOODHOUSE
see MARY BERKELEY
MRS. JONES (d.1597+) (given and maiden names unknown)
A Mrs. Jones is listed as mother of maids at the court of Queen Elizabeth in 1588/9. Her identity is unknown, but it is unlikely that she was either Eleanor Somerset or Elizabeth Salusbury. She still held that position in 1597. when she was reprimanded for allowing two of the maids of honor to watch the earl of Essex play at ballonwithout first obtaining permission from the queen. One possible identity suggested by a correspondent of mine is Anne Doddington, daughter of Sir Giles Doddington(Dodington) of Fayland, Wraxall, Somersetshire and Jane Morgan. She married John Jones of Treowen (d. before 1609) in 1563. Their children were William (1578-June 27, 1640), Florence, Jane, and Elizabeth. Unfortunately, there is no documentation to prove she was ever at court.
see SARAH BAVAND
see ANNE LEWIS
see REBECCA BRETT
AGNES JORDAN (d. January 29, 1546)
Agnes Jordan was abbess of Syon in Isleworth, near Sheen, from 1521-1539. She was the sister of Isabel Jordan or Jordayn, prioress and later abbess of Wilton, who was described, in 1528, as “ancient, wise, and discreet.” Isabel had died by March 1533. In 1530, Agnes commissioned (with John Fewteren, the confessor-general) a printing of the Mirror of Our Lady, a commentary on the sisters’ office. Syon was a Bridgettine Abbey. The Order of the Most Holy Saviour had been founded by St. Bridget of Sweden (1304-1373). As abbess, Agnes ruled over both men and women and provided lodging for well-to-do ladies who wished to retire from the world. She was both host and jailer to Lady Margaret Douglas from November 1536 until October or November 1537. Margaret was confined because of her unauthorized marriage to Lord Thomas Howard, one of the duke of Norfolk’s younger sons. In a letter written to Thomas Cromwell, Agnes complained about the number of manservants Margaret had with her and the possibility that she might use them to send messages to Lord Thomas, who was being held in the Tower of London. Until Cromwell intervened, Margaret apparently had both her servants and his with her at Syon. The nunnery was suppressed on November 25, 1539 and the fifty-two choir nuns, four lay sisters, twelve brothers, and five lay brothers dispersed. Agnes received an annuity of £200. She rented a farm house, Southlands, near Denham, Buckinghamshire, and lived there with nine other sisters from Syon. Portrait: a brass plate in Denham Church.
see ANNE TEMMES
ISABEL JORDAN (d.c.1534)
Isabel Jordan was prioress at the convent of Wilton when the abbess, Cecily Willoughby, died on April 24, 1528. Described as “ancient, wise and discreet” she was the favorite of the sisters to become the next abbess. Politics, however, intruded. Anne Boleyn had the attention of the king and her brother-in-law, William Carey, had two sisters who were nuns at Wilton. The king proposed that Eleanor Carey become abbess, until it was found that she had two children by two different priests. On July 18, 1528, Isabel was confirmed as abbess, but she was not given full control of the convent finances until November 24, 1528. She faced other difficulties as well: an outbreak of the sweat; a fire that destroyed the dormitory; and insubordination from some of the nuns. Isabel may have tried to resign her office. The date of her death is not recorded, but it was before March 12, 1534, when the nuns were licensed to elect her successor. Biography: entry in the Oxford DNB under “Jordayne, Isabel.”
see DOROTHY GATES
JANE JOSSELYN (d. August 1569)
Jane Josselyn was the daughter of Sir John Josselyn of High Roding, Essex (d. 1525) and Philippa Bradbury. Philippa wrote her will on October 15, 1530. Jane married Nicholas Wentworth of Lillingstone, Lovell, Oxfordshire (d. 1553), chief porter of Calais. Their children were Peter (1524-November 10, 1596), Joan, Henry (c.1531-January 1,1613/14), Paul (1534-January 13,1594), Francis (1535-1564), and Clare or Clara (c.1537-before 1586). By late 1543, Gregory Wisdom, physician, astrologer, and con artist, was a trusted employee of the Wentworth family. According to Alec Ryrie’s The Sorcerer’s Tale, in November or December 1543, Wisdom traveled to the manor of Lillingstone Lovell, the Wentworth seat, and left wearing one of Wentworth’s silk shirts, carrying a purse full of Wentworth’s gold, and riding Wentworth’s horse. Wentworth sent a man in pursuit of Wisdom and recovered the shirt and money. On November 27, 1544, Wentworth sued Wisdom in the Court of Requests over a coat worth at least £8 that Wentworth had asked Wisdom to keep in his London house for the use of the Peter Wentworth. Wentworth claimed Wisdom had stolen the coat. Wisdom claimed it had been turned over to Wentworth’s men. Jane Wentworth appears to have believed Wisdom and Ryrie hints that theit patient/physician relationship was suspiciously close. Wentworth made his will on February 7, 1551/2 and it was proved June 24, 1557. Jane was buried at Burnham on August 26, 1559.
MARGARET JOYES (d. September 20, 1578)
Margeret Joyes married John Bartholomew (1524-November 14, 1578) in Warborough, Oxfordshire on November 6, 1552. Their children were John (June 1556-1643), Rowland (d.1587), Richard (December 1561-c.1632), and William (February 7, 1567-May 5, 1634). Portrait: one exists online, but I have been unable to find any further information about it.
JUANA OF CASTILE (November 16, 1479-April 12, 1555)
Juana or Joanna of Castile was the daughter of Ferdinand of Aragon (d.1516) and Isabella of Castile (d.1504) and inherited the kingdom of Castile on her mother’s death. In 1496, she married Philip the Fair, archduke of Austria, duke of Burgundy, and count of Flanders (1478-1506). Their children were Eleanor (1498-1558), Charles (1500-1558), Isabella (1501-1526), Ferdinand (1503-1564), Mary (1505-1558), and Catherine (1507-1578), who was born postumously. In 1506, on their way to Castile, Juana and her husband were driven ashore in England and remained there for some months. Catherine of Aragon was Juana’s sister, but at that time she was living in reduced circumstances as the widow of Arthur, Prince of Wales. After her husband’s death, Juana was suggested as a second wife for Henry VII. She had made a favorable impression in King Henry as she apparently had a “handsome” figure and was quite beautiful. She had been passionately devoted to Philip and extremely jealous. Some even whispered that she might have poisoned him in a fit of rage. She refused to allow his body to be buried, instead keeping it with her. Her father eventually intervened and Juana was locked up for her own safety. Portraits: there are a number of portraits of Juana, including one with her father-in-law, husband, and three of their children.
ALICE JUDDE (c.1533-1593)
Alice Judde was the daughter of Sir Andrew Judde (c.1490-September 4, 1558) and his first wife, Mary Mirfyn (d.1542). In 1554, she married Thomas “Customer” Smythe (1522-June 7, 1591), collector of customs duties for the port of London. Their children included Mary (b.1554), Ursula (b.1555), Andrew (b.1556; d. yng), John (1557-1608), Thomas (1558-1625), Henry (b.1559/60), Joan (1560-1622) Katherine (1561-1616), Richard (1563-1628), Alice (b.1564), Robert (b.1567), Simon (b.1570), and Elizabeth (1572-1631). The family seat was at Westenhanger, Kent after 1575. Her husband’s will, dated May 22, 1591 and proved October 29, 1591, left her the lease on the London house. Alice was a benefactor to her father’s company, the skinners. Portrait: 1579-80 by Cornelius Ketel. NOTE: At the end of 1579, Smythe commissioned portraits from Ketel of himself, his wife, and at least eight of their children.
see JOAN CROMWELL
see MARY MATHEWS; MARY MIRFYN